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Solutions for location problems of environmental and energy facilities

Author Jeon Jaewan, Choi Dongwon, Kim Seongjin Date 2014.12.29 Page 128
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Currently our country is facing several unnecessary conflicts by siting issues of environment·energy facilities. The government is realizing the importance of this issue, and is activating several policies to create a more smoother siting process. However, the policies are not effective as expected, and the conflict among those in interests are magnifying, and prolonged.

In order to solve this issue, there needs to be analyzing of similar practices and advise from experts in order to propose alternative policies that may make social consensus.
This study is to find the cause and solutions of the conflicts that occur during the siting practice of energy & environment facilities. There have been previous studies on the same issue, but as most of them lack structurized analysis, we have tried a more specific and detailed analysis and suggestion of alternatives.
We have deducted the causes of conflicts by a specific analysis on domestic and international examples. We have done a detailed analysis on the history of the conflict, and issues related to the system and compensation method.
We have also analyzed previous conflict example like other studies, but tried to differentiate by the following factors. First, we have focused on the conflicts occurred during the siting of nuclear waste repositories, and power line towers, as both issues have been causing the heaviest effect. Secondly, although previous studies has focused more on the political or scientifical factor of the issues, we have focused on the ‘social acceptance’ factor. We have deducted 5 different conflict factors (danger perception/trust/fairness/voluntary/compensation), and suggested solutions.
Finally, we have suggested several advice on policies, such as improvement on systematical matters, structurizing compensation system, and improving debating. We believe these suggestions will help us improve the future matters related to conflict on the siting of energy and environment facilities.