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Issues and tasks of smart factories for future manufacturing innovation

Author Kim Sanghun, Shim Ujung Date 2015.10.30 Issue No 620
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Recently, the manufacturing sector reemerged as a key factor of national competitiveness, and the strong manufacturing countries around the globe have implemented various policies to innovate the manufacturing sector.


Policies related to manufacturing innovation of each country are somewhat different in the implementation directions, but are commonly pursuing development of advanced manufacturing technologies and converging with the IT sector.

There is rapidly growing interest in smart factories, especially in the traditionally strong nations in manufacturing such as Germany, Japan and the US
Korea has set the manufacturing innovation strategies through convergence between IT and SW in ‘the manufacturing innovation 3.0 strategy,’ and as a implementation measure it has suggested goals to increase the number of smart factories


As smart factories have significant direct and indirect impact on SW and service markets as well as the manufacturing sector, it is important to explore related markets


Despite the high interest in smart factories, unified understanding of the specific ideas and effects of smart factors is still insufficient
In Korea, a standard platform has been proposed to implement smart factories, but there are difficulties in applying the platform in the real settings. As the domestic competitiveness is considerably weak, it is needed to have a countermeasure for this.

In Korea, a standard platform has been proposed to implement smart factories, but there are difficulties in applying the platform in the real settings. As the domestic competitiveness is considerably weak, it is needed to have a countermeasure for this.

 

For the ultimate success of smart factories, there should be IT convergence as well as sophistication of the existing manufacturing technologies. Also, it is required to respond to issues related to technology standards.

 

As there are concerns that smart factories would decrease the number of jobs, it is needed to create effective implementation measures to retrain the existing workforce by focusing on the effect of indirect job creation. 

 

In the long run, it is necessary to make optimal models for Korea by building up a global cooperative production system and to secure manufacturing competitiveness by setting up smart factories of key products in Korea.