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Regional distribution in regards to the recruiting capacity and the policy implication s

Author Huh, Mungu Date 2016.01.22 Issue No 626

As the regional economic structures shift toward technology-intensive and knowledge economies, regions are competing fiercely to attract high quality human resources.
The inflow and outflow of talented workers and the regional growth form a positive relationship; therefore, securing talented people would be a momentum for regional growth while at the same time causing regional polarization in talented workers.


As the result of calculating the index concerning the capability to secure talented workers, Seoul took a dominant position while the metropolitan area and the Chungcheong region were in the top slots in terms of incentives for the talented people and the capacity to nurture them.


Regional types of the capacity to secure talented employees demonstrated different patterns according to the characteristics of regions:
Cities with comparative advantage concerning talented workers (including Seoul, Daejeon, Gyeonggi and Ulsan) are the areas that have the best knowledge based service and manufacturing sectors and excellent R&D capacities in Korea.
The regional type dependent on outside talented workers (such as Chungnam) attracted such people by providing them with jobs to become the fastest area of growth in the country. 
The type dependent on talented people from the region (including Gwangju, Incheon, and Daegu) are centered around metropolitan cities whose infrastructures for nurturing talented people have been built up to a substantial level.  
The type severely lacking talented people (including the other eight regions) is composed of provincial areas that are non-metropolitan areas except for Busan; therefore, there are possibilities of an expanding economic gap in the future compared to the regions included in the other types.


The correlation between competent people by type and tolerance turned out to be very high, so enhancement measures for diversity and openness that have been relatively neglected so far have emerged as major factors for attracting and nurturing talented workers.  


As the policy tasks for regions, improving working conditions, setting up a conditional new budget for disadvantaged areas in terms of recruiting talented workers, building up the Innovation District, and establishing a human disaster early warning system were suggested to secure talented people effectively.