Directions and Implications of the United States Artificial Intelligence Strategy
○ On March 2, the National Security Commission on Artificial Intelligence (NSCAI) released its final report: a glimpse of the U.S. view of advanced industries such as artificial intelligence (AI) and semiconductors, as well as the direction of its related strategies.
○ The commission urged a full-scale mobilization of government capacity to beat China for global supremacy in AI and other related advanced industries.
- Recommendations included the creation of a Technology Competitiveness Council under the Executive Office of the President to implement effective governance and a National Technology Foundation to promote cutting-edge technological development.
- Also proposed were: the National Defense Education Act II, a National Security Immigration Act and a Digital Service Academy to foster a core workforce. The report also urged the monitoring of investment in sensitive technology and corporate espionage by China and other “countries of special concern” through amendments to legislation by the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS).
- To maintain a technological lead of two or more generations over China in semiconductors, the commission recommended supervising exports of advanced semiconductor manufacturing equipment to China and making large federal investments in production facilities and R&D to boost U.S.-based manufacturing capacity.
- The report also recommended checking China’s rise in advanced industries by establishing global institutions with democratic allies, including an “emerging technology” coalition and a global initiative for digital democracy.
○ American strategies for AI and other advanced industries are key constants to be considered in devising Korea’s industrial policy, and a national blueprint is needed to respond to such strategies.
- Since the U.S. considers its rivalry with China over technological supremacy as similar to the Cold War of the 1970s and 80s, Korea also needs a mid-to-long-term response system from a strategic perspective and its own strategies for AI and industrial technologies that fully utilize national capabilities.
- With changes expected in the global supply chains of advanced sectors based on an ally system, Korea needs a strategy for preemptively obtaining positions in those chains to promote its national interests and boost competitiveness that exploits the country’s advanced workforce and semiconductor manufacturing know-how.