A Study on the Structural Analysis and the Revitalization of Regional Innovative Infrastructure
|Author||Kim, Chan Jun et al.||Date||2018.12.10||Page|
There is an argument that regional innovative institutes (RIIs) (as an infrastructure for regional innovation) have not well performed in terms of the innovative creation throughout the application of innovative facility and equipment (as an innovative hardware), and the invigoration of innovative networks. Several issues and causes are raised, such as (1) the deficiency of strategic and systematic approaches to the establishment of the equipment, (2) the insufficient internal capacity of the RIIs, and (3) the deficiency of the creation of agglomeration’s benefits due in the main to the loose network of innovative actors, to name but a few. Nonetheless, roles and the expectation of the RIIs in seeking region-led innovative growth are increasing, whereas there is an concern about insufficient roles of RIIs as a facilitator and intermediary in leading regional growth and creating innovation. Under this circumstance, required are policy alternatives to the formation of technological and regional innovation, and industrial ecosystem, and to the intensification of the internal capacity and networks of RIIs.
The aim of this research is to seek alternatives to intensify functions and roles of the RIIs through the presentation of the conceptual framework and the analysis of various case studies. They are deeply concerned with (1) the internal resource and innovative capacity of the RIIs as a regional facilitator and intermediary, (2) the operating performance and management of the research equipment, (3) the efficiency of common research equipment, (4) the formative degree of innovative networks, and (5) criteria for the social value on activities of the RIIs. Along with these subjects, this research is largely divided into two sections; (1) from chapter 2 to chapter 6, the improvement of the internal capacity of the RIIs, the increase of the efficiency of the common research equipment and the revitalization through the diagnosis of networks’ activities are conceptualized and analyzed. As a result, alternatives to the revitalization of the RIIs are provided in chapter 7.
Implications of this research are as follows; firstly, alternatives to the revitalization for improving functions and roles near the future are presented through the analytical framework and case studies of the RIIs. The existing research tends to be focused upon the economic performance such as an input-ouput anlaysis on the evaluation of the RIIs. That is to say, it is no exaggeration to say that it has examined the performance of the RIIs indirectly through external factors. In order to overcome this limit and at the same time, to clarify their roles in seeking the improvement of the regional industry and economic performance, the internal capacity and operating equipment of the RIIs, their roles of innovative networks, and their socio-economic value at the regional level were examined in this research.
Secondly, in order to explore the innovative capacity of the RIIs, this research seeks to approaches to efficiency and networks. The reason for this is to examine that it has enough internal resources and innovative capacity for conducting its roles and functions, and that it has worked efficiently. To this end analytical results and policy implications of their innovative efficiency are presented throughout the evaluation on the output and outcome to input such as functional manpower, budget, and so on. This is based upon a critical issue on whether or not their own innovative resource works efficiently and properly. In addition to this, a monitoring system of innovative networks is suggested in a sense that an important role of RIIs is in vitalizing the activity of such networks. Such activity is much more critical in order to form clusters and to establish regional innovation system. The reason for this is that the activity of such networks makes effects of the increasing returns of scale and agglomeration maximized on a spatial scale, by connecting efficiently demand with supply which is based upon inputs of firms in a particular region and by facilitating the development of R&D, process innovation, marketing and so on.
Finally, this research has an implications in a sense that the concept of social value are suggested, and it applies to discriminate various impacts of activities of the RIIs on the regional economy and then to examine matching various effects and economic value. Within this context, such activity has a positive impact on firms and the regional economy in a direct or indirect way. However, in the existing feasibility analysis, the value of the RIIs includes only an creative effect of a direct value-added by relevant firms. Except for this, the rest of effects are not examined quantitatively due in the main to not establishing concepts economically or to the difficulty of measuring, itself. Obviously, it is quite difficult to define the socio-economic value of the RIIs or to measure the scope of such value in a quantitative way. Nonetheless, the expectation of their functions and roles for creating such value increases progressively. Within this context, this research has a characteristic of the introductory study on such value of the RIIs.